New article available in African Security

For those that may be interested, I’m happy to say that I’ve got an article coming out in the next issue of African Security, which can be viewed already (for a short period) at this link. The article focuses upon social contextual factors at play in negotiations to decide upon the African Peace and Security Architecture of the African Union. I’m quite proud of it!

The after-effects of Rwanda’s darkest chapter

0011f5f8-800I wrote this article for RTE Brainstorm, where it first appeared on April 26, 2019. The original article is accessible here.

On its 25th anniversary, reverberations from the Rwandan genocide are still heavily evident in everyday life in the small East African nation.

Between April and July of 1994, at least 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were slaughtered, the majority by handheld machete, as part of an orchestrated effort by the extremist Hutu government and their militias to eradicate the Tutsi population in Rwanda. In the months prior, increasingly desperate warnings of the impending genocide from UN peacekeepers had fallen on unreceptive ears on the UN Security Council. As a result, the UN Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) was rendered impotent by its mandate and pathetic lack of resources by the time mass killings started. Continue reading

Does Israel’s treatment of Palestinians amount to apartheid?

The mother of Leila al-Ghandour, the baby who died from tear gas inhalation, holds her at the morgue in Gaza. Photo: Getty ImagesI wrote this article for RTE Brainstorm, where it first appeared on May 18, 2018. The original article is accessible here.

Amidst the shocking footage from the Gaza-Israel border this week, many online observers noted one photograph for its similarity to an iconic image from apartheid-era South Africa. In 1976, 12 year-old Hector Pieterson was shot dead by South African police during the Soweto Uprising, which started as a student protest against the implementation of English and Afrikaans as the languages of instruction in schools. The photograph of a Soweto resident carrying Pieterson’s lifeless body was published around the world the next day prompting international condemnation and increased scrutiny of the brutal nature of apartheid. Continue reading

This land is my land

Put your hands up for Soweto: new South Africa president Cyril RamaphosaI wrote this article for RTE Brainstorm, where it first appeared on April 20, 2018. The original article is accessible here.

After his predecessor set such low expectations, one could be forgiven for thinking that Cyril Ramaphosa might enjoy an initial honeymoon period as South Africa’s new President. Instead, he has been tasked with stewardship of land redistribution, an issue that may prove more incendiary than any that emerged during nine corruption-laden years of Jacob Zuma. Continue reading

Ethiopia – Part Three

IMG_20170423_113935 (1)“Inidemini āderiki” (good morning), I greeted my driver Ashu, the day after I had returned to the hotel prematurely with rotting insides, practicing the only piece of Amharic I had learned since arriving. Thankfully, the pharmacist’s fears from the day before had not been realised and I had just caught good old-fashioned food poisoning, rather than E. Coli. Continue reading


Grads at WitsRECENTLY, while in the middle of a regular morning trawl through an online media archive, the silence in my office was disturbed by the sound of distinctly African, joyous singing, coming from not too far away. Never one to turn down a good distraction, I stepped back from the proverbial haystack for a few moments to go and inspect the sound. Continue reading